HerStory

Caroline Emily CLARK

Born: 6 September 1825

Died: 18 November 1911

Special Achievements:

In 1887 Caroline was appointed to the newly-created State Children's Council and in the 1890's helped to win such reforms as the establishment of the Children's Court in rooms separated from the Supreme Court and the suppression of children's names in published reports of trials.  In 1905 she successfully protested against boys being sent to the reformatory because parents would not pay their fines.  In August she retired from the council because her hearing and sight were failing.  In 1872 she had written an "Account of the aims and methods of the Boarding-out Society", and in 1906 she wrote her recollections.

Additional Information:

At six years old, Caroline was sent to the country where she became interested in natural history and had her own garden.  At 11 she went to Miss Woods School near Tottenham and at 12 to near-by Hazelwood School, where her grandfather, Thomas Wright Hill, a disciple of Joseph Priestley, had introduced many democratic practices.  In 1848 two of her brothers died and the family moved to the Isle of Wight and then migrated to South Australia.  When older and in Adelaide, she was dismayed by the inadequate care of pauper children, their numbers swollen by the heavy immigration of young Irish females and the desertions to the goldfields.  Caroline was a staunch Unitarian and had studied their many proposals of reform.  She was especially stirred by a report on eighteen years of boarding-out children from the Department of Charity Workhouse in Edinburgh.


Resources

  • Image - Caroline Emily Clark

    Physical description: Photograph (b&w print); 10.9 cm x 8 cm Dates / Publication details: Approximately 1903 Collection: Part of Portrait Collection Subject: Clark, C. E. (Caroline Emily), 1825-1911

    State Library of South Australia, B 47543. This image has no known copyright restrictions.


  • Image - Caroline Emily Clark in a studio photograph.

    Physical description: 1 photograph: black and white; 9.7 x 14.3 cm, on mount 13 x 19.5 cm Dates / Publication details: 1903 Creator: Crompton (Family Subject: Clark, C. E. (Caroline Emily), 1825-1911

    State Library of South Australia, PRG 331/1/1. This image has no known copyright restrictions.


  • Image - Caroline Emily Clark

    Description: Caroline Emily Clark (1825-1911) social reformer who began boarding-out system for destitute children Date: 25 November 1911 Source: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/164739336 - Observer (Adelaide), National Library of Australia Author: Unknown

    Wikimedia Commons: File:Caroline Emily Clark.png